Siege of Takamatsu

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Siege of Takamatsu
Part of the Sengoku period
Edo period portrait of Takamatsu submerged in water
DateApril – June 1582
Result Siege succeeds
Takamatsu falls to Hideyoshi
Forces of Oda Nobunaga Forces of Mōri Terumoto
Commanders and leaders
Hashiba Hideyoshi
Ukita Tadaie
Kuroda Yoshitaka
Shimizu Muneharu 
Kikkawa Motoharu
Kobayakawa Takakage
30,000 5,000

In the 1582 Siege of Takamatsu (備中高松城の戦い, Bitchū Takamatsu-jō no tatakai), Toyotomi Hideyoshi laid siege to Takamatsu Castle, which was controlled by the Mōri clan. He diverted a nearby river with dikes to surround and flood the castle. He also constructed towers on barges from which his gunmen could keep up a constant rate of fire and be unhindered themselves by the flooding.[1][2]

As the battle grew more intense, the Takamatsu garrison received reinforcements from Mōri Terumoto, who brought an army six times larger than Hideyoshi's. Hideyoshi then requested aid from Oda Nobunaga. In response, Nobunaga mobilized six of his commanders, which he planned to lead the resultant army.[3]

Hideyoshi soon learned of the Incident at Honnōji and the death of Nobunaga, which encouraged him to end the siege. Shimizu Muneharu, the castle's commander, was forced to commit suicide in a boat on the artificial lake created by the flooding, in full view of both sides.[4]


Part of the excavated levee formed by Hideyoshi to flood the castle
  1. ^ Sansom, George (1961). A History of Japan, 1334–1615. Stanford University Press. p. 306-307. ISBN 0804705259.
  2. ^ Turnbull, S.R. (1977). The Samurai. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., Inc. p. 162-163. ISBN 9780026205405.
  3. ^ Sato, Hiroaki (1995). Legends of the Samurai. New York: Overlook Duckworth. p. 241. ISBN 9780715643631.
  4. ^ Turnbull, Stephen (2000). The Samurai Sourcebook. London: Cassell & C0. p. 231-232. ISBN 1854095234.
  • Turnbull, Stephen (2010). Toyotomi Hideyoshi (Command). Osprey Publishing.