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LeaderPaul Barras
Founded27 July 1794 (1794-07-27)
Dissolved10 November 1799 (1799-11-10)
Split fromThe Mountain
HeadquartersHôtel de Noailles, Paris
IdeologyAnti-radicalism[citation needed]
Classical liberalism[citation needed]
Political positionCentre[citation needed]

The Thermidorians (French: Thermidoriens, named after the month of Thermidor), known also a Thermidorian Convention (French: Convention thermidorienne), was a French political group active during the French Revolution between 1794 and 1799.


The group was named for the Thermidorian Reaction in 1794, when its members—led by Paul Barras, Jean-Lambert Tallien and Joseph Fouché—formed a coup d'état against Maximilien Robespierre and Louis Antoine de Saint-Just, who were executed with their supporters on 27 July 1794. The deputies that supported the Reaction were the following:

Over the following days, the Thermidorians took over the majority in the National Convention and in the 1795 a new constitution was created, with the National Convention disestablished for the creation of the French Directory. The Thermidorians became a republican and bourgeoisie group—and like the new constitution—also conservative on social themes and liberal on economic themes.

After the election of 1795, the Thermidorians obtained the majority in the Council of Five Hundred, the new lower house. In Paris, the group created a headquarters in the Hôtel de Noailles and Paul Barras became its leader, but also the ruler of the France until 1799, when the coup of 18 Brumaire by Napoleon Bonaparte removed the Barras' Directory to be replaced with a Consulate with himself as First Consul.

After the coup, the various parliamentary forces including the Thermidorians were disestablished.

Electoral results[edit]

Council of Five Hundred
Election year No. of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
No. of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1795 12,600 (1st) 42.0
242 / 750
Paul Barras
1797 Unknown (3rd) Unknown
91 / 657
Decrease 151
1798 Unknown (2nd) 29.3
387 / 807
Increase 296
Paul Barras

See also[edit]