Vidua

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Vidua
Pin-tailed whydah (Vidua macroura) breeding male.jpg
Male pin-tailed whydah (Vidua macroura)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Viduidae
Genus: Vidua
Cuvier, 1816
Species

see text

Vidua is a genus of passerine birds in the family Viduidae.

The genus was introduced by the French naturalist Georges Cuvier in 1816.[1] The type species was subsequently designated as the pin-tailed whydah.[2] The name Vidua is the Latin word for "widow".[3]

The genus contains 19 species:[4]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Village indigobird, Vidua chalybeata, at Mapungubwe National Park, Limpopo, South Africa (male) (17849716130).jpg Vidua chalybeata Village indigobird Africa south of the Sahara Desert.
Male Purple Indigobird (Vidua purpurascens).jpg Vidua purpurascens Purple indigobird Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
Vidua raricola Jambandu indigobird Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Sudan and Togo.
Vidua larvaticola Barka indigobird Cameroon, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Nigeria, Sudan, and South Sudan.
Male Variable Indigobird (Vidua funerea).jpg Vidua funerea Dusky indigobird Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea-Bissau, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe
Vidua codringtoni Zambezi indigobird Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
Vidua wilsoni Wilson's indigobird Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Nigeria, Senegal, South Sudan, and Togo.
Vidua nigeriae Quailfinch indigobird The Gambia, Nigeria and Cameroon.
Vidua maryae Jos Plateau indigobird Nigeria
Vidua camerunensis Cameroon indigobird Sierra Leone to east Cameroon, north east Zaire and South Sudan.
Vidua macroura -Londolozi Private Game Reserve, Limpopo, South Africa -male-8.jpg Vidua macroura Pin-tailed whydah Africa south of the Sahara Desert.
Vidua hypocherina -Ngorongoro, Tanzania -male-8.jpg Vidua hypocherina Steel-blue whydah Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.
Vidua fischeri.jpg Vidua fischeri Straw-tailed whydah Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.
Whydah Shaft-tailed 2007 0107 1231 40AA.jpg Vidua regia Shaft-tailed whydah Southern Africa, from south Angola to south Mozambique
Long-tailed Paradise Whydah (Vidua paradisaea) (17329851342).jpg Vidua paradisaea Long-tailed paradise whydah Eastern Africa, from eastern South Sudan to southern Angola
Vidua orientalis Sahel paradise whydah west Africa
Whydah 2354851969.jpg Vidua interjecta Exclamatory paradise whydah Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Sudan, and Togo.
Pachyramphus viridis viridis.jpg Vidua togoensis Togo paradise whydah Benin, Cameroon, Chad, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Mali, Sierra Leone, and Togo.
Vidua obtusa male.jpg Vidua obtusa Broad-tailed paradise whydah Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe


References[edit]

  1. ^ Cuvier, Georges (1816). Le Règne animal distribué d'après son organisation : pour servir de base a l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction a l'anatomie comparée (in French). 1. Paris: Déterville. pp. 388–389.
  2. ^ Dickinson, E.C.; Christidis, L., eds. (2014). The Howard & Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines (4th ed.). Eastbourne, UK: Aves Press. p. 303. ISBN 978-0-9568611-2-2.
  3. ^ Jobling, J.A. (2018). del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A.; de Juana, E. (eds.). "Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  4. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2018). "Waxbills, parrotfinches, munias, whydahs, Olive Warbler, accentors, pipits". World Bird List Version 8.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 2 May 2018.